Friday, March 2, 2012

IAS Prelims : General Studies: Solved Question Paper I : 2011 : Page 1

1. In the Union Budget 2011-12, a full exemption from the basic customs duty was extended to the bio-based asphalt (bioasphalt). What is the importance of this material? 

1. Unlike traditional asphalt, bio-asphalt is not based on fossil fuels.
2. Bioasphalt can be made from non- renewable resources.
3. Bioasphalt can be made from organic waste materials.
4. It is ceo-friendly to use bioasphalt for surfacing of the roads.

Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) 1,2 and 3 only 
(b) 1,3 and 4 only
(c) 2 and 4 only
(d) 1,2,3 and 4
Ans: b

2. Consider the following:-
1. Carbon dioxide
2. Oxides of Nitrogen
3. Oxides of Sulphur

Which of the above is/are the emission/emissions from coal combustion at thermal power plants?
(a) 1 only 
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

3. Satellites used for telecommunication relay are kept in a geostationary orbit. A satellite is said to be in such an orbit when:
1. The orbit is geosynchronous. 
2. The orbit is circular.
3. The orbit lies in the plane of the Earth's equator.
4. The orbit is at an altitude of 22,236 km.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only
(b) 1, 3 and 4 only
(c) 2 and 4 Only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
Ans: a

4. India has experienced persistent,and high food inflation in the recent past,what could be the reasons? 

1.Due to a gradual switchover to the cultivation of commercial crops, the area under the cultivation of food grains has steadily decreased in the last five years by about 30%.
2. As a consequnce of increasing incomes,the consumption patterns of the people have undergone a significant change.
3. The food supply chain has structural constraints,

Which of the statements given above are correct ?
(a) 1 and 2 only 
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Ans: b

5. At present, scientists can determine the arrangement or relative positions of genes or DNA sequences on a chromosome.How does this knowledge benefit us? 

1. It is possible to know the pedigree of livestock.
2. It is possible to understand the causes of all human diseases.
3. It is possible to develop disease-resistant animal breeds,

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 Only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Ans:  c

6. In terms of economy, the visit by foreign nationals to witness the XIX Common Wealth Games in India amounted to
(a) Exports
(b) Imports
(c) Production
(d) Consumption
Ans: a

7. Microbial fuel cells are considered a source of sustainable energy.Why ? 

1. They use living organisms as catalysts to generate electricity from certain substrates.
2. They use a variety of inorganic materials as substrates.
3. They can be installed in waste water treatment plants to cleanse water and produce electricity.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only    
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Ans: c

8. Which one of the following statements appropriately describes the "fiscal stimulus"?

(a) It is a massive investment by the Government in manufacturing sector to ensure the supply of goods to meet the demand surge caused by rapid economic growth.
(b) It is an intense affirmati ve action of the Government to boost economic activity in the country
(c) It is Government's intensive action on financial institutions to ensure disbursement of loans to agriculture and allied sectors to promote greater food production and contain food inflation
(d) It is an extreme affirmative action by the Government to pursue its policy of financial inclusion
Ans: b
9. The formation of ozone hole in the Antarctic region has been a cause of concern. What could be the reason for the formation of this hole? 

(a) Presence of prominent tropo-spheric turbulence; and inflow of chlorofluorocarbons
(b) Presence of .prominent polar front and stratospheric': Clouds; and inflow of chlorofluorocarbons
(c) Absence of polar front and stratospheric clouds; and inflow of methane and chlorofluorocarbons
(d) Increased temperature at polar region due to golbal warming
Ans: b
10. Consider the following actions which the Governnient can take: 

1. Devaluing the domestic currency.
2. Reduction in the export subsidy.
3. Adopting suitable policies which attract greater FDI and more funds from FIIs.

Which of the above action/actions can help in reducing the current account deficit?

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 3 only
(d) 1 and 3
Ans: d
11. The Constitution (Seventy-Third Amend-ment) Act, 1992, which aims at promoting the Panchayati Raj Institutions in the country, provides for which of the following? 

1. Constitution of District Planning Committees.
2. State Election Commissions to conduct all panchayat elections.
3. Establishment of State Finance Commissions.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1 only
(b) 1 ans 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Ans: c

12. Two important rivers - one with its source in Jharkhand (and known by a different name in Odisha), and another,with its source in Odisha - merge at a place only a short distance from the coast of Bay of Bengal before flowing into the sea. This is an important site of wildlife and biodiversity and a protected area.
Which one of the following could be this? 

(a) Bhitarkanika
(b) Chandipur-on-sea
(c) Gopalpur-on-sea
(d) Simlipal
Ans: a
13. A rapid increase in the rate of inflation is sometimes attributed to the "base effect", What is "base effect" ? 

(a) It is the impact of drastic deficiency in supply due to failure of crops
(b) It is the impact of the - surge in demand due to rapid economic growth
(c) It is the impact of the price levels of previous year on the calculation of inflation rate
(d) None of the statements (a), (b) and (c) given above is correct in this context
Ans: c
14. India is regarded as a country With "Demographic Dividend" This is due to 

(a) Its high population in the age group below 15 years
(b) Its high population in the age group of 15-64 years
(c) Its high population in the age group above 65 years
(d) Its high total population
Ans: b
15. Regarding "carbon credits", which one of the following statements is not correct? 

(a) The carbon credit system was ratified in conjunction with the Kyoto Protocol
(b) Carbon credits are awarded to countries or groups that have reduced greenhouse gases below their emission quota
(c) The goal of the carbon credit system is to limit the increase of carbon dioxide emission
(d) Carbon credits are traded at a price fixed from time to time by the United Nations Environment Programme
Ans: d
16. Which one of the following is not a feature of "Value Added Tax" ?
(a) It is a multi-point destination-based system of taxation 
(b) It is a tax levied on value addition at each stage of transaction in the production-distribution chain
(c) It is a tax on the final consumption of goods or services and must ultimately be borne by the consumer
(d) It is basically a subject of the Cental Government and the State Governments are only a facilitator for its successful implementation
Ans: d
17. A "closed economy" is an economy in which
(a) the money supply is fully controlled 
(b) deficit financing takes place
(c) only exports take place
(d) neither exports nor imports take place
Ans: d
18. When the bark of a tree is removed in a circular fashion all around near its base,it gradually dries up and dies because
(a) Water from soil cannot rise to aerial parts 
(b) Roots are starved of energy
(c) Tree is infected by soil microbes
(d) Roots do not receive oxygen for respiration
Ans: a
19. The "New START" treaty was In the news. What is this treaty?
(a) It is a bilateral strategic nuclear arms reduction treaty between the USA and' the Russian Federation 
(b) It is a multilateral energy security cooperation treaty among the members of the East Asia Summit
(c) It is a treaty between the Russian Federation and the European Union for the energy security cooperation
(d) It is a multilateral cooperation treaty among the BRICS countries Species richness
Ans: a
20. Three of the following criteria have contributed to the recognition of western Ghats-Sri Lanka and Indo-Burma regions as hotspots of biodiversity:
1. Species richness
2. Vegetation density
3. Endemism.
4. Ethno-botanical importance
5. Threat perception
6. Adaptation of flora and fauna to warm arid humid conditions

Which three of the above are correct criteria in this context?
(a) 1,2 and 6 
(b) 2,4 and 6
(c) 1,3 and 5
(d) 3,4 and 6
Ans: c

21. Human activities in the recent past have caused the increased concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, but a lot of it does not remain in the lower atmosphere because of
1. Its escape into the outer strato-sphere. 
2. The photosynthesis by phyto-plankton in the oceans.
3. The trapping of air in the polar ice caps

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 3 only
Ans: c
22. In the context of ecosystem productivity, marine upwelling zones are important as they increase the marine productivity by bringing the 

1. decomposer microorganisms to the surface.
2. nutrients to the surface.
3. bottom-dwelling organisms to the surface.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
(a) 1 and 2 
(b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 3 only
Ans: d
23. If a tropical rain forest is removed, it does not regenerate quickly as compared to a tropical deciduous forest. This is because
(a) the soil of rain forest is deficient in nutrients 
(b) propagules of the trees in a rain forest have poor viability
(c) the rain forest species are slow- growing
(d) exotic species invade the fertile soil of rain forest
Ans: a
24. The Himalayan Range is very rich in species diversity. Which one among the following is the most appropriate reason for this Phenomenon?

(a) It has a high rainfall that supports luxuriant vegetative growth
(b) It is a confluence of different bio-geographical zones
(c) Exotic and invasive species have riot been introduced in this region
(d) It has less human interference
Ans: b
25. With reference to India, consider the following Central Acts:
1. Import and Export (Control) Act, 1947
2. Mining and Mineral Development (Regulation) Act, 1957
3. Customs Act, 1962
4. Indian Forest Act, 1927

Which of the above Acts have relevance to/bearing on the biodiversity conser-vation in the country?
(a) 1 and 3 only 
(b) 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 1, 2, 3 and 4
(d) None of the above Acts
Ans: c
26. Karl Marx explained the process of class struggle with the help of which one of the following theories?

(a)  Empirical liberalism
(b) Existentialism
(c) Darwin's theory of evolution
(d) Dialectical materialism
Ans: d
27. A layer in the Earth s atmosphere called Ionosphere facilitates radio communication. Why?
1. The presence of ozone 'causes the,reflection of radio waves to Earth.
2. Radio waves have a very long wavelength

Which of the statements given above is/are correct.
a) 1 Only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2
Ans: c
28. Both Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and Foreign Institutional Investor (FII) are related to investment in a country. Which one of the following statements best represents an important difference between the two ? 

(a) FII helps bring better management skills and technology, while FDI only brings in capital
(b) FII helps in increasing capital availability in general, while FDI only targets specific sectors.
(c) FDI flows only into the secondary market, while FII targets primary market
(d) FII is considered to be more stable than FDI
Ans: b
29. A genetically engineered form of brinjal,Known as the Bt-brinjal, has been developed. The objective of this is
(a) To make it pest-resistant 
(b) To improve its taste and nutritive qualities
(c) To make it drought-resistant
(d) To make its shelf-life longer
Ans: a
30. With reference to "Aam Admi Bima Yojana", consider the following statements: 

1. The member insured under the scheme must be the head of the family or an. earning member of the family in a rural landless house- hold.
2. The Member insured must be in the age group of 30 to 65 years.
3. There is a provision for free scholarship for up to two children of the insured who are studying between classes 9 and 12.

Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?
(a) 1 only 
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Ans: c
31. In the context of global oil prices. "Brent crude oil" is frequently referred to in the news. What does this term imply?

1. it is a major classification of crude oil.
2. It is sourced from north sea.
3. It does not contain sulphur.

which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 2 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Ans: b
32. The Function of heavy water in a nuclear reactor is to
(a) Slow down the speed of neutrons
(b) Increase the speed of neutrons
(c) Cool down the reactor
(d) Stop the nuclear reaction
Ans: a
33. In India, if a religious sect/community is given the status of a national minority, what special advantages it is entitled to ? 

1. It can establish and administer exclusive educational institutions.
2. The President of India automatically nominates a representative of the community to Lok Sabha.
3. It can derive benefits from the Prime Minister's 15-Point Programme.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only 
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 onJy
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Ans: c
34. India is home to lakhs of persons with disabilities. What are the benefits available to' them under the law?
1. Free schooling till the age of 18 years in government-run schools. 
2. Preferential allotment of land for setting up business.
3. Ramps in public buildings.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only 
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Ans: d
35. With what purpose is the Government of India promoting the concept of "Mega Food Parks" ? 

1. To provide good infrastructure facilities for the food processing processing industry. 
2. To increase the processing of perishable items and reduce wastage.
3. To provide emerging and eco-friendly food processing technologies to entrepreneurs.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Ans: d
36. The authorization for the withdrawal of funds from the Consolidated Fund of India must come from
(a) The President of India 
(b) The Parliament of India
(c) The Prime Minister of India
(d) The Union Finance Minister
Ans: b
37. All revenues received by the Union Government by way of taxes and other receipts for the conduct of Government business are credited to the 
(a) Contingency Fund of India
(b) Public Account
(c) Consolidated Fund of India
(d) Deposits and Advances Fund
Ans: c
38. Microfinance is the provision of financial services to people of low-income groups. This includes both the consumers and the self-employed.The service/ services rendered under micro- finance is/ are : 

1. Credit facilities
2. Savings facilities
3. Insurance facilities
4. Fund Transfer facilities Select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 4 only
(C) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
Ans: d

39. Southeast Asia has captivated the attention. of global community' over space and time as a geostrategically significant region. Which among the following is the most convincing explanation for this global perspective ?
(a) It was the hot theatre during the Second World War 
(b) Its location between the Asian powers of China and India
(c) It was the arena of superpower confrontation during the Cold War period
(d) Its location between the Pacific and Indian oceans and its pre-eminent maritime character
Ans: d

40. A company marketing food products advertises that its items do not contain transfats. What does this campaign signify to the customers? 

1. The food products are not made out of hydrogenated oils.
2. The food products are not made out of animal fats/ oils.
3. The oils used are not likely to damage the cardiovascular health of the consumers.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only 
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Ans: c
41. Among the following who are eligible to benefit from the "Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act" ?
(a) Adult members of only the scheduled caste and scheduled tribe households 
(b) Adult members of below poverty line (BPL) households
(c) Adult members of households of all backward communities
(d) Adult members of any household
Ans: d
42. With reference to "Look East Policy" of India, consider the following statements:
1. India wants to establish itself as an important regional player in the East Asian affairs.
2. India wants to plug the vacuum created by the termination of Cold War.
3. India wants to restore the historical and cultural ties with its neighbours in Southeast and East Asia.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 3 only 
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Ans: b

43. When the annual Union Budget is not passed by the Lok Sabha,
(a) the Budget is modified and presented again 
(b) the Budget is referred to the Rajya Sabha for suggestions
(c) the Union Finance Minister is asked to resign
(d) the Prime Minister submits the resignation of Council of Ministers
Ans: d
44. Under the Constitution of India, which one of the following is not a fundamental duty?
(a) To vote in public elections 
(b) To develop the scientific temper
(c) To safeguard public property
(d) To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals
Ans: a
45. With reference to the Finance Commission of India, which of the following statements is correct?
(a) It encourages the inflow of foreign capital for infrastructure development 
(b) It facilitates the proper distribution of finances among the Public Sector Undertakings
(c) It ensuresjransparency in financial administration
(d) None of the statements (a), (b) and (c) given above is correct in this context.
Ans: d
46. Consider the following:
1. Right to education. 
2. Right to equal access to public service.
3. Right to food.

Which of the above is/ are Human Right/Human Rights under "Universal Declaration of Human Rights"?
(a) 1 only 
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Ans: d

47. There is a concern over the increase in harmful algal blooms in the seawaters of India. What could be the causative factors for this phenomenon?
1. Discharge of nutrients from the estuaries. 
2. Run-off from the land during the monsoon.
3. Upwelling in the seas.

Select the Correct answer from the codes given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only 
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Ans: b

48. Consider the foliowing: 
1. Photosynthesis
2. Respiration
3. Decay of organic matter
4. Volcanic action

Which of the above add carbon dioxide to the carbon cycle on Earth ?
(a) 1 and 4 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 2, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2,3 and 4
Ans: c
49. Recently, the OSA decided to support India's membership In multi-lateral export control regimes called the "Australia Group" and the "Wassenaar 
Arrangement". What is the difference between them?

1. The Australia Group is an informal arrangement which aims to allow exporting countries to minimize the risk of assisting chemical and biological weapons proliferation, whereas the Wassenaar Arrangement is a formal group under the OECD holding identical objectives.

2. The Australia Group comprises predominantly of Asian, African and North American countries, whereas the member countries of Wassenaar'Arrangement are predominantly,from the European Union and American continents.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only 
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Ans: a

50. The surface of a lake is frozen in severe winter, but the water at its bottom is still liquid. What is the reason?
(a) Ice is a bad conductor of heat 
(b) Since the surface of the lake is at the same temperature as the air, no heat is lost
(c) The density of water is maximum at 4°C
(d) None of the statements (a), (b) and (c) given above is correct.
Ans: c

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